~ Historic World ~

REAL PEOPLE & PLACES

The Elements Club series is infused with an interjection of historic real-life people and the science of the time.

~ Reformers ~

Cornelia Sorabji

15 Nov., 1866 – 6 July, 1954

 

Clever, attractive and ambitious, Cornelia Sorabji was a social reformer who studied at Oxford and became India’s first female barrister. In 1892, she was given special permission by Congregational Decree to take the Bachelor of Civil Laws exam at Oxford University, becoming the first woman to ever do so.

Josephine Butler

13 Apr., 1828 – 30 Dec., 1906

 

Josephine Elizabeth Butler was a Victorian era British feminist who was especially concerned with the welfare of prostitutes. She led the long campaign for the repeal of the Contagious Diseases Acts both in Britain and internationally from 1869 to 1886. Josephine was not only a vehement feminist but a passionate Christian. Her famous line: "God and one woman make a majority".

~ Scientists ~

Henry Bessemer

19 Jan., 1813 – 15 Mar., 1898

 

Sir Henry Bessemer was an English engineer, inventor, and businessman. His name is chiefly known in connection with the Bessemer process for the manufacture of steel. A a prolific inventor, he held at least 129 patents, spanning from 1838  to 1883. Bessemer was knighted for his contribution to science on 26 June 1879, and in the same year was made a fellow of the Royal Society.

Robert W. E.

Bunsen

30 Mar., 1811 – 16 Aug., 1899

 

Robert Wilhelm Eberhard Bunsen was a German chemist. He investigated emission spectra of heated elements, and discovered caesium (in 1860) and rubidium (in 1861) with Gustav Kirchhoff. Besides developing several gas-analytical methods, he was a pioneer in photochemistry.

Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton

1716 – 1800

 

A French naturalist, Daubenton contributed to the sciences by researching  the comparative anatomy of extant and fossil animals, vegetable physiology, mineralogy, agriculture, and  merino sheep, which he successfully introduced into France.

~ Artists ~

Marianne North

24 Oct., 1830 – 30 Aug., 1890

 

An English naturalist and botanical artist, as a single woman Marianne North traveled around the world to  document and paint plant life. Her extensive work is currently featured in Kew Gardens in the North Gallery. In addition, several plant species are named in her honour.

George Paulding

Farnham

1859–1927

 

Tiffany & Co.'s head jewelry designer from the 1890s through the early years of the 20th century, Paulding Farnham was a pivotal figure in the history of jewelry design. Farnham created pieces that showcased American gems never before used in jewelry.

~ Places ~

Kew Gardens

Founded in 1759

 

The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew is one of the world's leading botanic gardens and houses the world's largest collection of living plants.

Cadbury

Founded in 1824

 

Cadbury is a confectionery company founded by Quaker John Cadbury and currently owned by Kraft Foods. Cadbury was one of the first “socially-conscious” companies who in 1893, created a model worker village to assist factory workers by providing a quality living environment that was affordable and healthy.

Simpsons-in-the- Strand

Founded in 1828

 

One of the oldest operating restaurants in the world, the London based Simpsons still offers their famous roast meat served on silver-domed trolleys.

~ Sports ~

Charles Wood

1856 – 1945

 

An English flat racing jockey, Woods won many races and was known for his flamboyant behavior on and off the track. He was regularly in trouble with the Jockey Club and dabbled in illegal activities often.

~ Eccentrics ~

Cyrus Reed Teed

1839 – 1908

 

A U.S. electic physician and alchemist, Teed turned into a religious leader and self proclaimed messiah who took on the name Koresh while cultivating a religion named Koreshanity. His beliefs included that of a hollow earth that posits the earth and sky are housed inside an inner surface of a sphere.